Archive for September, 2015

September 8, 2015

Golden Calf, Concluded (Exodus 32:1-29)

Chuck CainOn August 23, 2015, the adult Sunday school class studied Exodus 32:1-29.

The first six verses describe the idolatry of the Israelites as they construct the golden calf. It had not been long ago that they heard God speak the Ten Commandments to them. But now they blatantly violate the first three of those.

The LORD distances himself from Israel by telling Moses, “Go down, for YOUR people, whom YOU brought out of Egypt have corrupted themselves.” In verse 10 God threatens to consume them and to make a new nation from the descendants of Moses. Moses intercedes for his people with five arguments: 

– Moses implores God citing your people;
– Moses states that it was the LORD that brought the people out of Egypt with power;
– Moses states that for the sake of his own reputation among the nations, God should preserve   his people;
– Moses asks God for mercy in relenting of this planned disaster;
– Moses asks God to remember the covenant he made with Abraham, Isaac, and Israel.

Verse 14 states that God relented of the planned disaster. We must think of this as an anthropomorphism. That is, this section describes God’s thoughts and actions as if he were a man.

This section displays Moses as the grand intercessor and mediator for his people. In this role he typifies the ultimate intercessor/mediator, our Lord Jesus Christ.

In verse 25 Moses descends from the mountain and upon seeing the idolatry in the camp he breaks the tables of the testimony realizing that his people are unable to keep these commandments.

Moses confronts Aaron with his part in the idolatry, but Aaron blames Moses, the people, and last of all the fire for producing the idol. Moses then commands the Levites to slay the people with the sword. 3,000 fall that day.–Chuck Cain

Listen to “Golden Calf, concluded” (Exodus 32:1-29) at

September 7, 2015

A Witness Unto Himself (John 8:13-20)

Podcast Art JohnOn Sunday, August 16, 2015, Pastor Joe Troutman preached “A Witness Unto Himself” from John 8:13-20.

Jesus’ words are trustworthy and true. Because he came from the Father, he will safely lead sinners like us to the Father.

1. Fleshly Judgment—When Jesus speaks, he speaks his Father’s words. His testimony is true, for it simultaneously represents the testimony of the Father and the Son. The Pharisees judged according to human standards; in accordance with their sinful natures in opposition to the Holy Spirit. Jesus doesn’t judge according to the flesh, but according to the Holy Spirit.

2. True Judgment—Because Jesus speaks his Father’s words, his testimony is necessarily true. If you really trusted that Jesus cannot lie, then you would never worry. Worry betrays your lack of trust that God will keep his promises. When we doubt the promises that God has made, we associate ourselves with the doubt of the Pharisees who made Jesus Christ out to be a liar in their skepticism.

3. The Truth Made Known—How does God make himself known to his creatures? If God did not condescend to us, we could not truly know him. He did not have to, but it is his nature to reveal himself to his creatures. If Jesus’ testimony is rejected, then there is no way of knowing God as revealed in creation. Jesus publicly shamed the Pharisees, but his hour had not yet come, so he was not arrested. Nothing happens to Jesus before the Father’s perfect timing. Healthy skepticism is necessary in the world. Much information out there is untrue, both in the world as well as in the church. We must know God’s word well enough to spot error when it is asserted. But skepticism is inappropriate when it comes to the Bible. Lay your doubts to rest. Jesus is the truth and the only way to the Father. He may be believed because he always tells the truth.

Listen to “A Witness Unto Himself” (John 8:13-20) at

September 7, 2015

Sabbath Commands and the Golden Calf (Exodus 31:12-32:6)

Chuck CainOn August 16, 2015, the adult Sunday School class reviewed Exodus 31:12 through 32:6.

In the last section of Exodus 31 the LORD gives Moses further commands regarding the Sabbath. The LORD had provided commandments regarding the Sabbath before in chapters 16, 20, and 23, but three additional issues are provided at this point. The first is that “above all” the Sabbath is to be kept during the construction of the tabernacle. The verses immediately preceding identified the artisans responsible for the construction, so here the LORD commands that there will be rest on the Sabbath. Second, these verses reveal that the Sabbath is a sign of the covenant and that its observance would result in increased knowledge of the LORD. Finally, for the first time a penalty is identified for failure to observe the Sabbath. That penalty was death.

We too are to rest on the Sabbath and engage in corporate worship and learn more on that occasion about the LORD through Bible study and worship. Fortunately the penalty of the civil law has been suspended (else our population would be greatly reduced). But the penalty highlights how serious the LORD considers faithful Sabbath observance even in our day.

For the New Testament church, the Sabbath is observed on Sunday recognizing that something equally important to creation rest has occurred: the resurrection of Jesus Christ on the first day of the week.

Also reviewed were the opening verses of Chapter 32 which detail the Israelites’ impatience with the long time Moses was spending on the mountain and their resorting to the making of a golden calf. This and the consequences of their sin will be reviewed next week.–Chuck Cain

Listen to Sabbath Commands and the Golden Calf (Exodus 31:12-32:6) at

September 7, 2015

Saved From What?

Saved From What CoverStatus: Available

Book Description

Saved From What? is a penetrating look by well-known pastor and teacher R. C. Sproul at what the Bible really teaches about the nature of salvation.

Christians speak of “being saved,” but all too often don’t follow the phrase to its logical reply: “Saved from what?” How do we answer this question when we share the gospel with others? Far from being a matter of semantics, the issue holds critical importance for believers and non-believers alike. Is it really sufficient to say that we are saved from our sins?

R. C. Sproul uses Scripture to show that the question, in its most important sense, should be phrased, “Saved from whom?” The answer: God himself. God, in righteous wrath, stands against us in our sin. But the glory of the gospel is that the one from whom we need to be saved is the very one who saves us. It is when we truly grasp the significance of Christ’s redeeming work that we begin to understand the serious demands and joys of repentance. Thoughtful readers will be strengthened and challenged by this insightful volume. Now available in paperback.

Dr. R.C. Sproul

Dr. R.C. Sproul

About the Author

R. C. SPROUL is the founder and chairman of Ligonier Ministries and minister of preaching and teaching at Saint Andrew’s in Sanford, Florida. He has written more than sixty books and is featured daily on the Renewing Your Mind radio program.

Book Details

128 Pages
Publisher: Crossway/Good News Publishers
Publication Date: July 2010

Library patrons who have read this book are invited to share their comments, reviews, questions or criticisms for discussion in the comments below this post.